Gum disease is an infection in the tissues and bones surrounding the teeth. Also known as periodontal disease, it causes red and swollen gums which may bleed easily during brushing or flossing.
Gum disease affects more than 75% of Americans over the age of 35.
The good news is that gum disease is treatable with proper dental hygiene such as brushing and flossing daily.
Gum disease is caused by a wide variety of factors, including poor dental hygiene, severe illnesses such as leukemia or HIV, smoking or chewing tobacco, a family history or dental disease, or even hormonal changes.
In order to prevent gum disease, Cardinal Orthodontics recommends maintaining oral hygiene. Daily brushing, flossing, and antibacterial mouth rinses can help reduce plaque build-up. We also recommend scheduling regular visits with your dentist and orthodontist to receive professional cleanings and to monitor your gum health.
If the gum disease is more severe, your dentist may recommend other treatments, such as scaling and root planing, which is essentially a deep clean of your teeth and gum line.
If the tissue around your teeth is too unhealthy for this treatment to work, surgical procedures like pocket reduction surgery, bone or soft tissue grafts, or bone surgery may be required.