Decalcification, or “Decal” is the permanent weakening and erosion of the tooth’s enamel (the hard, outer layer of the teeth that protects against tooth decay). This occurs when plaque has been able to sit on the tooth for too long, eating away at the enamel. Decalcification turns into cavities quickly, and can even cause small holes in the teeth if ignored and left untreated.
What causes Decalcification?
Poor brushing/flossing technique
Excessive levels of sugar/acid consumption in diet
People who suffer from acid reflux are at higher risk for Decalcification due to overly excessive levels of acid in the mouth
What does Decal look like?
Decalcification after braces look like white, chalky spots on your teeth where brackets use to be.
How to Prevent Decalcification
Proper brushing & flossing
Decrease sugar and acidity levels in diet
Drink more water
Use protective fluoride mouthwash after brushing/flossing every night
See your General Dentist regularly for a routine cleanings every 3-6 months while in Orthodontic treatment